Repetitive motion injuries are among the top causes of workers’ compensation claims in Australia. If you suffer a repetitive motion injury at work, you may be entitled to compensation.
Repetitive motion injuries, also known as repetitive strain injuries (RSI) or occupational overuse syndrome (OOS), refer to injuries caused over time, by small repetitive movements performed on a frequent basis. The repeated action that gives rise to the injury need not be difficult or physically demanding itself. However, an injury can be caused when this action is repeated many times a day, for weeks, months and years as the cumulative effect takes its toll on the body parts involved.
It is thought that repetitive motion injuries are caused by small micro tears that develop in the muscle and tendon tissue. Normally the body would repair such damage however since the tissue is constantly active and never rested for long enough to repair, further damage is caused, resulting in scar tissue, further inflammation and pain.
The most commonly suffered repetitive motion injuries include:
Symptoms of a repetitive motion injury may include:
Repetitive motion injuries may occur in a variety of workplaces. The use of new technologies in the last 30 years have contributed to the steady climb of this type of injuries. Particularly at risk are packing and assembly line workers, food processing workers, meat cutters, seamstresses, sanders, carpenters, bricklayers, drivers, handlers, shelf stackers, checkout staff, baristas, chefs, cleaners, office workers, data entry clerks, typists, computer operators, filing clerks, postal workers, hairdressers, dancers and musicians.
If you suffer an injury from performing repetitive tasks required by your employment, you may be able to claim compensation from your employer. Employers must provide proper and adequate means for employees to carry out their work. This includes:
If you are injured because your employer does not provide safe systems of work, equipment or a safe environment, you may be able to sue for personal injury compensation. This includes late onset injuries and aggravations of pre-existing injuries.
Example: Jeff is an assembly line worker in a food processing factory. His job requires him to sit in the same position and pull a lever repeatedly with his right hand to stop and start the belt all day. He works 5 days a week, his duties are never varied and he gets only the minimum statutory allowance for breaks. As a result of the repetitive motion he develops tendonitis in his wrist. Jeff can claim compensation from his employer for his personal injuries.
Rick works as a barista at a cafe and develops ‘barista wrist’. His employer allows him to take regular breaks from operating the coffee machine and has advised him to do alternative duties for 30 minutes, such as washing dishes every two hours to vary his workload. However Rick doesn’t want to wash dishes, so he continues to work at the coffee machine all day, every day. Rick is unlikely to get compensation for his injuries as they were due to his own negligence. However, he can receive Workers Compensation payments while he is off work.
See also: WorkCover Claims
Acute cases of repetitive motion injury can be successfully diagnosed and treated if they are caught early. However, some injured employees are never able to return to their former work capacity. Severe repetitive motion injuries may even eventually develop into a chronic pain disorder which affects all aspects of a person’s life. Any treatment for a repetitive motion injury will usually require rest, physical therapies, stretching, and exercises.
General damages compensate you for the pain and suffering you have experienced as well as any permanent loss of enjoyment of life as a result of your injuries. They are calculated by reference to the ISV Scale which rates the seriousness of any injury between 1 and 100 and accords a monetary value range to that rating.
For example, a moderate shoulder injury with a limitation of movement and discomfort persisting for about 2 years has a rating of 6 to 15 and a monetary range of $8,630 to $25,150 whereas a minor wrist injury is rated 0 to 5 with a monetary range of $0 to $6,950.
To diagnose and treat an injury you may need to consult your general practitioner, consult a specialist, obtain x-rays or MRIs, take pain medications and wear special braces apparatus. The expenses you incur to obtain medical treatment including costs of consultations, diagnostic scans, travel costs, medication and medical equipment may be claimed as compensation. You can also claim for medical costs you will incur in the future as a result of your injury.
Some injuries require surgery to stabilise or repair injured bones or soft tissue. Surgical or hospital costs paid by you can be claimed as compensation as long as the surgery was necessary to treat your condition.
Rehabilitating after an injury may involve physiotherapy, chiropractic treatments, acupuncture, massage, home and vehicle modifications and ergonomic aids. Your reasonable costs of rehabilitation can be claimed back as compensation.
If you sustain serious injuries you may need time off work for several weeks or months immediately after the incident. You can claim compensation for this lost income.
If your injury prevents you from working to the same extent as you did prior to the injury you may also be able to claim loss of future income earning capacity. This is usually estimated as a lump sum figure based on the age of the person, their usual occupation, and other skills.
Compensation can be claimed for superannuation that would have been paid on lost income.
Serious injuries may prevent you from being able to perform tasks such as personal care, cleaning, laundry, mowing your lawns, caring for the garden or other domestic chores. If you formerly performed these duties but are now unable to due to an injury you can claim compensation for care and assistance provided to you by friends, relatives or paid contractors.
In Queensland, there is a minimum threshold for this type of compensation.
Interest can generally be claimed on compensation for any out of pocket expenses that are incurred before your claim is resolved.
In general terms, the amount of compensation is gauged by comparing what your life was like before the injury and what it is like now as a result of the injury. Someone whose injury has had a greater impact on their life will be entitled to more compensation than someone whose injury has had only minimal impact.
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The amount of compensation payable for your injuries will vary greatly from case to case, depending on a variety of variables such as:
For most personal injury claims, a legal action must be commenced within 3 years of the date of the injury. If you miss this deadline, you will lose the right to claim compensation.
However, depending on where your injury occurred or who you are claiming against, specific pre-court procedures may apply which may have much shorter time limits. If you miss these time limits you may lose your right to claim unless you can provide good reason for delaying and why you should be allowed to proceed with your claim.
Those aged under 18 will typically have until they are 21 to start the claims process.
In addition, getting accurate records such as CCTV or reliable witness statements for example may be difficult if starting a claim several years after the incident.
In summary, it’s best to seek expert legal advice as soon as possible to ensure you understand your rights and the required evidence to make a strong claim can be gathered. View time limit information article for more detail.
Statutory worker’s compensation claims in Queensland must be filed within 6 months from the date of the accident or the date you become aware of your injury. If you intend to then sue your employer for negligence (otherwise known as a common law claim) you must request an assessment of permanent impairment from the workers’ compensation insurer within 2.5 years of the injury.
Depending on the nature of your injuries and the circumstances that caused them, compensation may or may not be available. You should always seek expert legal help to see if you are able to make a claim.
It’s important to get advice for your specific situation. Check if you can make a risk-free compensation claim and get free initial advice from our Principal lawyer, Greg Smith.
Check your rights now to claim compensation for injuries when your employer does not have workers' compensation insurance.
Find out your rights & entitlements on making a WorkCover claim for an injury that occurred with travelling to/from work or on break in Queensland.