Forklift Accident Injury Compensation

Forklifts pose a number of risks in the workplace and are a significant cause of death and severe injury each year. Injuries may be sustained by forklift drivers or those working on the ground around them due to their manoeuvrability, carriage of heavy cargo and instability under certain conditions.

Forklift injury compensation

Forklift accident - can I claim compensation?

You may be able to claim compensation for injuries that result from a forklift accident if it was caused by someone else’s negligence or carelessness. Negligence may arise in a variety of settings.

Injured? Get expert advice now: Smith's are Queensland's only 100% risk-free injury compensation lawyers. Insist on our 'No Win. No Fee. No Catch' ® promise. Check your rights with no risk or obligations now and talk direct to our Principal lawyer, Greg Smith. Call 1800 266 801 OR  check if you can claim

I was injured by a forklift at work - can I claim compensation?

Hi-vist vest and providing safe systems of work

If you are injured at work, you may be able to claim compensation from your employer. Employers must provide proper and adequate means for employees to carry out their work. This includes:

  • providing safe systems of work
  • maintaining safe machinery and equipment
  • maintaining a safe workplace; and
  • providing employees with adequate facilities, training, supervision and instruction.

If you are injured because your employer does not provide safe systems of work, equipment or a safe environment, you may be able to sue for personal injury compensation. This includes late onset injuries and aggravations of pre-existing injuries.

Professions at risk of forklift related accidents

Hazards surrounding the use of forklifts exist in professions where cargo is frequently transported. Industries with the highest use of forklift vehicles are manufacturing, construction, wholesale trades, transportation, retail trades and mining.

Jeff is injured at work when he falls from a forklift while conducting a warehouse stocktake. He is standing on a pallet that has been elevated on the tines of a forklift to access the higher shelves. Jeff’s employer instructed him to perform the task this way and no other safe elevated work station is provided.  Jeff can claim compensation from his employer for his personal injuries as it failed to supply a safe system of work.

Rick is injured at work when he walks out in front of a moving forklift and is hit. He is unaware of the presence of the forklift working around him as he is listening to music in his headphones.  Rick is unlikely to get compensation for his injuries as they were due to his own negligence. However, he could apply for Workers Compensation payments while he is off work.

See also: WorkCover claims

How will my compensation be determined?

Estimating compensation after forklift accident injury

In general terms, the amount of compensation is gauged by comparing what your life was like before the injury and what it is like now as a result of the injury. Someone whose injury has had a greater impact on their life will be entitled to more compensation than someone whose injury has had only minimal impact.

The amount of compensation payable for your injuries will vary greatly from case to case, depending on a variety of variables such as:

  • the severity of the injury: more severe injuries will attract more compensation
  • the age of the patient: young people are likely to receive greater compensation than older people for a similar injury as it will impact their lifestyle and employment for a longer period of time.
  • level of health prior to the incident: an active and healthy person may suffer more from an injury because they are unable to exercise the way they did prior to the accident and may become predisposed to mood disorders and other health conditions they may not have suffered were it not for their injury.
  • pre-incident lifestyle: injured claimants who formerly engaged in activities they can no longer participate in may experience greater a impact from their injuries.
  • occupation: greater compensation will be payable where a person’s ability to work in their former occupation is impacted severely by their injuries, for example a professional rugby player will suffer a greater loss as a result of a back injury than a person who works part-time in an office and will therefore receive greater compensation.

What can I claim for?

General damages

Calculator to estimate general damages compensation

General damages compensate you for the pain and suffering you have experienced as well as any permanent loss of enjoyment of life as a result of an injury. They are calculated by reference to the ISV Scale which rates the seriousness of any injury between 1 and 100 and accords a monetary value range to that rating.

For example a severe spinal injury like quadriplegia has a rating of 75 to 100 and a monetary range of $232,600 to $349,400 whereas a minor soft tissue injury is rated 0 to 4 with a monetary range of $0 to $5,560.

Medical costs

To diagnose and treat an injury you may ned to consult your general practitioner, consult a specialist, obtain x-rays or MRIs, take pain medications and wear special braces apparatus. The expenses you incur to obtain medical treatment including costs of consultations, diagnostic scans, travel costs, medication and medical equipment may be claimed as compensation.   You can also claim for medical costs you will incur in the future as a result of your injury.

Hospital and surgical costs

Hospital costs

Some injuries require surgery to stabilise or repair injured bones or soft tissue. Surgical or hospital costs paid by you can be claimed as compensation as long as the surgery was necessary to treat your condition.

Rehabilitation costs

Rehabilitating after an injury may involve physiotherapy, chiropractic treatments, acupuncture, massage, home and vehicle modifications and ergonomic aids. Your reasonable costs of rehabilitation can be claimed back as compensation.

Loss of income and future earning capacity

If you sustain serious injuries you may need time off work for several weeks or months immediately after the incident. You can claim compensation for this lost income.

If your injury prevents you from working to the same extent as you did prior to the injury you may also be able to claim loss of future income earning capacity. This is usually estimated as a lump sum figure based on the age of the person, their usual occupation and other skills.

Loss of superannuation

Compensation can be claimed for superannuation that would have been paid on lost income.

Care & assistance

Compensation for care and assistance after forklift accident

Serious injuries may prevent you from being able to perform tasks such as personal care, cleaning, laundry, mowing your lawns, caring for the garden or other domestic chores. If you formerly performed these duties but are now unable to due to an injury you can claim compensation for care and assistance provided to you by friends, relatives or paid contractors.

In Queensland, there is a minimum threshold for this type of compensation


Interest can generally be claimed on compensation for any out of pocket expenses that are incurred before your claim is resolved.

Get advice on your rights 

Request a free expert case review & chat with our Principal by calling us on 1800 266 801, starting a live chat (icon in bottom right of screen) or requesting a call back using theform below.

What time limits apply to a forklift accident injury claim?

Time limits to start a forklift accident injury claim

For most personal injury claims, a legal action must be commenced within 3 years of the date of the injury. If you miss this deadline, you will lose the right to claim compensation.

However, depending on where your injury occurred or who you are claiming against, specific pre-court procedures may apply which may have much shorter time limits. If you miss these time limits you may lose your right to claim unless you can provide good reason for delaying and why you should be allowed to proceed with your claim. 

Those aged under 18 will typically have until they are 21 to start the claims process.

In addition, getting accurate records such as CCTV or reliable witness statements for example may be difficult if starting a claim several years after the incident.

In summary, it’s best to seek expert legal advice as soon as possible to ensure you understand your rights and the required evidence to make a strong claim can be gathered. View time limit information article for more detail.

Common forklift accidents 

Forklift accidents at factories and warehouses

A variety of accidents may occur involving forklifts and those most commonly encountered include:

  • Rollovers - Tipping over by rolling sideways or pitching forward is one of the biggest risks for an employee using a forklift. This can happen by accelerating or braking quickly or while on an incline, turning too fast, towing, colliding with another vehicle, carrying an unevenly balanced load or carrying a load down a slope.
  • Falling cargo - A forklift can easily lose its load if brakes are inappropriately applied or the load is unbalanced injuring workers below
  • Collisions - A worker may be hit or run over by a reversing or speeding forklift
  • Falls - Workers may fall from heights when working on or around forklifts and when accessing cargo stored high up in warehouses
  • Trips - Workers are prone to tripping and falling while working near the tines of a forklift or getting in and out of the operator’s seat
  • Repetitive injuries - Continuous or repeated looking up during high stacking, turning to look behind while reversing or using poorly positioned controls may cause muscular strains.

Common injuries sustained from forklift accidents

Fractures cause by forklift fall at work
  • Crushing injuries - whole body or a single body part -mostly feet- is pressed or crushed between a forklift and other surface, two forklift vehicles or on the ground if a forklift rolls over
  • Fractures - cracked or broken bones resulting suddenly from trauma or impacts
  • Bruising - ruptured blood vessels resulting in skin discolouration, swelling and tenderness
  • Sprains and strains - soft tissue injuries to the neck, back, and arms
  • Spinal cord injuries - the delicate spinal chord running through the centre of the vertebrae is damaged possibly causing paraplegia
  • Head injuries - including traumatic brain injuries, concussions, skull fractures and wounds
  • Vertebral injuries - ranging from spinal chord injuries and fractured vertebrae to herniated discs, sprains, strains, bruising and whiplash
  • Lacerations - cuts, wounds and abrasions of varying degrees

Potential long term impacts of forklift accident injuries

The injuries sustained from a forklift accident may range from minor to catastrophic or fatal. Severe crush injuries may result in the loss of limbs, paraplegia, brain injuries and severely reduced quality of life.

Injured in a forklift accident - what's next?

Depending on the nature of your injuries and the circumstances that caused them, compensation may or may not be available. You should always seek expert legal help to see if you are able to make a claim.

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Next steps - get advice now

It’s important to get advice for your specific situation. Check if you can make a risk-free compensation claim and get free initial advice from our Principal lawyer, Greg Smith.

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Last update on:
September 11, 2020
Disclaimer: This information is designed for general information in relation to Queensland compensation law. It does not constitute legal advice. We strongly recommend you seek legal advice in regards to your specific situation. For expert advice call 1800 266 801 or chat via live chat to arrange free initial advice with our Principal lawyer, Greg Smith.